Main Article Content


Two field experiments were conducted during dry season
(October, 2019 to March, 2020) at Yezin Agricultural University farm and Sepin research farm, Yamethin, Myanmar to investigate the effect of different mulching materials on yield and yield components of maize. No mulching and six mulching materials (rice straw mulching, rice husk mulching, maize stover mulching, mung bean stover mulching, soybean stover mulching and white plastic polyethylene mulching) were laid in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCB) with three replications on NK-621 variety. The longest days to 50% tasseling (69.67) at Yezin and (71.67) at Yamethin were obtained in no mulching while the shortest days to 50% tasseling (62.00) at Yezin and (64.33) at Yamethin were observed from rice straw mulching at Yezin and white plastic polyethylene mulching at Yamethin. Number of kernel row-1, rows ear-1, row length, kernels ear-1, thousand grains weight were significantly different among different mulching materials at Yezin. The maximum grain yield (5.72 ton ha-1) and (10.39 ton ha-1) were observed from rice straw mulching at Yezin and Yamethin. According to the results, rice straw mulching resulted in the highest yield and yield components of maize at two locations.

Article Details

How to Cite
Aung, Z. M., & Zar, T. (2023). Effects of different mulching materials on yield and yield components of maize (Zea mays L.) . Journal of Agriculture and Applied Biology, 4(1), 1-10.


Abd El-Mageed, T. A., El-Samnoudi, I. M., Ibrahim, A. E. A. M., & Abd El Tawwab, A. R. (2018). Compost and mulching modulates morphological, physiological responses and water use efficiency in sorghum (bicolor L. Moench) under low moisture regime. Agricultural Water Management, 208, 431-439. CrossRef
Abdalgawad, G. A., Abdel-Salam, M. F., Mosa, M. M., & Mostafa, M. M. (2018). Effect of solar drying on the quality of corn seeds. Arab Universities Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 26(1), 199-214.
Anikwe, M. A. N., Mbah, C. N., Ezeaku, P. I., & Onyia, V. N. (2007). Tillage and plastic mulch effects on soil properties and growth and yield of cocoyam (Col-ocasia esculenta) on an ultisol in southeastern Ni-geria. Soil and Tillage Research, 93(2), 264-272. CrossRef
Asif, M., Nadeem, M. A., Aziz, A., Safdar, M. E., Adnan, M., Ali, A., ... & Abbas, B. (2020). Mulching improves weeds management, soil carbon and productivity of spring planted maize (Zea mays L.). Internation-al Journal of Botany Studies, 5(2), 57-61.
Awal, M. A., & Khan, M. A. H. (2000). Mulch induced eco- physiological growth and yield of maize. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3(1), 61-64.
Bello, O. B., Abdulmaliq, S. Y., Afolabi, M. S., & Ige, S. A. (2010). Correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield and agronomic characters among open polli-nated maize varieties and their F1 hybrids in a di-allel cross. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(18), 2633-2639.
Bhatt, R., & Khera, K. L. (2006). Effect of tillage and mode of straw mulch application on soil erosion in the submontaneous tract of Punjab, India. Soil and Tillage Research, 88(1-2), 107-115. CrossRef
Chaudhary, D. P. Kumar, S., Yadav, O. P. (2014). Nutritive value of maize: Improvements, applications and constraints. In: Chaudhary, D., Kumar, S. Langyan, S. (Eds.) Maize: Nutrition dynamics and novel uses. Springer India. CrossRef
Gląb, T., & Kulig, B. (2008). Effect of mulch and tillage system on soil porosity under wheat (Triticum aestivum). Soil and Tillage Research, 99(2), 169-178. CrossRef
Glencross, B. D., Baily, J., Berntssen, M. H., Hardy, R., MacKenzie, S., & Tocher, D. R. (2020). Risk as-sessment of the use of alternative animal and plant raw material resources in aquaculture feeds. Reviews in Aquaculture, 12(2), 703-758. CrossRef
Golam, F., Farhana, N., Zain, M. F. Majid, N. A., Rahman, M. M., Rahman, M. M., Kadir, M. A. (2011). Grain yield and associated traits of maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes in Malaysian tropical environment. Af-rican Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(28), 6147-6154. Direct Link.
Gomez, K.A., & Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley & Sons.
Huang, Y., Chen, L., Fu, B., Huang, Z., & Gong, J. (2005). The wheat yields and water-use efficiency in the Loess Plateau: straw mulch and irrigation effects. Agricultural Water Management, 72(3), 209-222. CrossRef
Hussein, H. F. (1997). Studies on dynamic changes in growth, nutrient contents and grain yield of maize plants under weed-competitive stress conditions. Mansoura University Journal of Agricultural Scienc-es (Egypt), 22(3): 643-658
Kader, M. A., Senge, M., Mojid, M. A., & Ito, K. (2017). Recent advances in mulching materials and meth-ods for modifying soil environment. Soil and Till-age Research, 168, 155-166. CrossRef
Kader, M. A., Singha, A., Begum, M. A., Jewel, A., Khan, F. H., & Khan, N. I. (2019). Mulching as water-saving technique in dryland agriculture. Bulletin of the National Research Centre, 43(1), 1-6. CrossRef
Khalili, M., Naghavi, M. R., Aboughadareh, A. P., & Rad, H. N. (2013). Effects of drought stress on yield and yield components in maize cultivars (Zea mays L.). International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Pro-duction, 4(4), 809-812.
Khodarahmpour, Z. (2012). Morphological classification of maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes in heat stress condition. Journal of Agricultural Science, 4(5), 31. CrossRef

Khurshid, K. A. S. H. I. F., Iqbal, M., Arif, M. S., & Nawaz, A. (2006). Effect of tillage and mulch on soil physical properties and growth of maize. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 8(5), 593-596.
Mupangwa, W., Twomlow, S., Walker, S., & Hove, L. (2007). Effect of minimum tillage and mulching on maize (Zea mays L.) yield and water content of clayey and sandy soils. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 32(15-18), 1127-1134. CrossRef
Oktem, A. (2008). Effects of deficit irrigation on some yield characteristics of sweet corn. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 37(2), 127-131. CrossRef
Otegui, M. E., Andrade, F. H., & Suero, E. E. (1995). Growth, water use, and kernel abortion of maize subjected to drought at silking. Field Crops Re-search, 40(2), 87-94. CrossRef
Saeed, M., Haroon, M., Jamal, A., Waqas, M., & Shah, F. (2014). Evaluation of different intercrops for weed management and economic returns in maize. Paki-stan Journal of Weed Science Research, 20(2), 225-232.
Sarkar, S., & Singh, S. R. (2007). Interactive effect of till-age depth and mulch on soil temperature, produc-tivity and water use pattern of rainfed barley (Hordium vulgare L.). Soil and Tillage Research, 92(1-2), 79-86. CrossRef
Singh, G., Joshi, V. K., Chandra, S., Bhatnagar, A., & Dass, A. (2016). Spring maize (Zea mays L.) response to different crop establishment and moisture man-agement practices in north-west plains of India. Research on Crops, 17(2), 226-230.
Tolk, J. A., Howell, T. A., & Evett, S. R. (1999). Evapotran-spiration and yield of corn grown on three high plains soils. Agronomy Journal, 90(4), 447-454. CrossRef
Wajid, S. A. (1990). Effect of different mulching material and irrigation levels on the growth and grain yield of spring maize. M. Sc. (Hons.) Agri (Unpublished master thesis, University of Agriculture of Faisala-bad).
Wang, J., Li, Y., Huang, J., Yan, T., & Sun, T. (2017). Grow-ing water scarcity, food security and government responses in China. Global Food Security, 14, 9-17. CrossRef
Xie, Y., Lark, T. J., Brown, J. F., & Gibbs, H. K. (2019). Mapping irrigated cropland extent across the con-terminous United States at 30 m resolution using a semi-automatic training approach on Google Earth Engine. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Re-mote Sensing, 155, 136-149. CrossRef
Zsubori, Z., Gyenes-Hegyi, Z., Illés, O., Pók, I., Rácz, F., & Szőke, C. (2015). Inheritance of plant and ear height in maize (Zea mays L.). Acta Agraria Debre-ceniensis, (8), 34-38.