Publication Ethics Statement

This Publication Ethics and Plagiarism Policy can be downloaded in here

Ethical standards for publication in JAAB exist to ensure high-quality scientific publications and public trust in scientific findings, and that people receive credit for their work and ideas.

The JAAB follows the guidelines contained in the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) ( and abides by its core practices (


Duties of Authors

1.  JAAB requires all authors to comply fully with current ethical standards for publication. Manuscripts submitted to the journal must represent reports of original research, and the original data must be available for review by the editorial board if necessary.

2.  All authors of a manuscript must have agreed to its submission and are responsible for its content, including appropriate citations and acknowledgments, and must also have agreed that the corresponding author has the authority to act on their behalf in all matters pertaining to publication of the manuscript.

3.  By submission of a manuscript to JAAB, the authors guarantee that they have the authority to publish the work and that the manuscript, or one with substantially the same content, was not published previously, and is not being considered for publication elsewhere.

4.  Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, and interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors.

5.  It is important for Authors to avoid: data fabrication and falsification; plagiarism; multiple submissions; redundant publications (or ‘salami publications).


Duties of Editors

The editorial team of JAAB is responsible for deciding which articles will be published. Editor roles and responsibilities could be checked here (

  1. Justice in Publication

An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

  1. Secrets in the Publication Process

The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

  1. Information Disclosure

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.

  1. Review of Manuscripts

The editor must ensure that the manuscript will be reviewed on time by a competent reviewer. The editor will treat reviewers fairly and wisely. Editors must not ask authors to include references merely to increase citations to their own.  The editor ensures that the quality of the manuscript meets the journal quality standards. 


Duties of Reviewers

Reviewers work closely with the editorial team in deciding which articles are eligible to be published in JAAB.  Guidelines for peer reviewer check here:(

  1. Contribution to Editorial Decisions:

Reviewers assist the chief editor in reviewing articles and wriitng an article evaluation to help decision on whether to accept or reject them.  Blinded-review means the reviewer team does not know the author's name and the name of the author's institution to avoid conflicts of interest and to improve the quality of the review

  1. Punctuality

Reviewers work on time according to the time schedule journal.

  1. Promptness

The reviewer's expertise must be in accordance with the manuscript to be reviewed. The reviewer must notify the Editor if the manuscript is not in accordance with their expertise.

  1. Standards of Objectivity: 

Reviews should be conducted objectively and avoid personal criticism

       5.  Confidentiality: 

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents

        6.  Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: 

The substance of the manuscript is the property of the author which should not be used by reviewers for their research. Reviewers must ensure there is no conflict of interest with authors.  Reviewers must not ask authors to include references merely to increase citations to their own. 

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism involves the "use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work."  (

JAAB does not encourage any form of plagiarism and duplicate submissions. All articles submitted to the JAAB will be cross-checked using the Turnitin or Plagiarism Detector software before publishing online.

The JAAB follows the guidelines contained in the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) flowcharts (


The journal adheres to plagiarism policy does not exceed the tolerance limit of 25%.

If the editor detects the element of plagiarism in the manusscript, the editor will handle it as follows

0  - 20% Plagiarism: The manuscript will be given an ID and the manuscript is sent to the reviewers.

20 - 25% Plagiarism: The manuscript will not be given an ID and the manuscript is sent back to author for content revision.

> 25 % Plagiarism: The manuscript will be rejected without the review. The authors are advised to revise the manuscript and resubmit the manuscript.

Note that self-plagiarism does not apply to publications based on the author's own previously work in a conference proceedings, however the source must be cited by the author(s).

In the case of suspected plagiarism in a published article, then the JAAB publishes an official retraction of the paper.  The mechanism follows the guidelines from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) which can be accessed at (